Upcoming Book: A MARRIAGE OF LOVE AND CONVENIENCE. Negotiating Science and Technology in Urban Space (18th to 20th century)

Upcoming Book (to be published in Cambridge Scholars Publishing in 2017):

A MARRIAGE OF LOVE AND CONVENIENCE. Negotiating Science and Technology in Urban Space (18th to 20th century). 

Editors: Darina Martykánová and Meltem Kocaman.

 

Combining History of Science and Technology and Urban History, a Challenge and an Opportunity.

Darina Martykánová and Meltem Kocaman.

Examining the ways scientific knowledge shaped the city has represented a widely popular topic of research for the last few decades. In this book, we propose to look on the issue the other way round: analysing how the scientific institutions and science production were shaped by the urban space they were set in. As Dierig, Lachmund and Mendelsohn have shown in their remarkable volume Science and the City (Osiris, 2003), the relationship between science and urban space has been complex and multilayered, rather than simply uni-directional. Therefore, our book discusses a wide range of issues within this general framework of the relationship between science and technology, on the one hand, and the urban space, on the other. Its overall aim is to examine the way in which the presence of science and technology in the urban space was negotiated throughout the times (eighteenth to mid-twentieth century), including scientific and technical education and research, learned societies and other forms of sociability that concerned scientists and technicians, experiments and spectacles of science, museums and exhibitions, products of scientific research and new technologies as well as scientific approaches to the city itself.

The book discusses scientific, economic, political, military and cultural reasons and implications of having universities, technical schools and research institutes in the city centres or removing them away from them, either to the suburbs or to the countryside. We argue that a focus on the changes in architecture of the buildings that accommodated scientific institutions and in their location permits us to analyse changing visibility and meanings of scientific production and education in the urban space. Closely connected is the issue of the expectations and concerns created by the presence of particular scientific institution, activity or product – university and its students, research laboratory, electricity- perceived as threatening and dangerous or, on the contrary, as beneficial to the development of the neighbourhood/city and the well-being of its inhabitants, or a sign of prestige and civilisation.

In a transversal manner, the book tries to shed light onto some general questions: How were science and technology shaped by urban space and how were the cities shaped by the presence of institutions and people related to science and technology? Was, in some periods and cultural contexts, science an essentially urban enterprise? How were science and technology used to moralise and discipline the urban space and how were spatial arrangements used to moralise and discipline science and technology?

The chapters deal with a great variety of geographical and cultural settings including Great Britain, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Russia, Turkey, Japan and Mexico during the period ranging from the eighteenth to mid-twentieth century. While some authors explicitly approach the issue from a comparative or transnational perspective, common guidelines that have oriented the work of all the contributors create a ground for meaningful comparative and global analyses.

 

CONTENTS

Introduction: Combining History of Science and Technology and Urban History, a challenge and an opportunity

Darina Martykánová and Meltem Kocaman

 

PART I: Spatial Dimensions of Techno-Scientific Production

* The Golden Horn: A Watershed between Traditional Learning and Modern Technical Education in Ottoman Istanbul

Feza Günergun

* From Workshop to the City: the Instituto Industrial and the Modernisation of Lisbon (1852-1900)

Ana Cardoso de Matos, Tiago Saraiva

 

PART II: Science for the City, a City for Science

* Utopia and Re-form: Enlightenment Urban Planning as a Dialogue between Utopia and Practical Reform

Nicholas Miller

 

* Hygiene Against Autocracy: sanitary reform in fin-de-siècle Moscow

Anna Mazanik

 

* Locating University Somewhere in Mind and Place: A Case Study of the Dârülfünûn

Sevtap Kadıoğlu

 

* “For My Race Will Speak the Metropolis”: Science, Power, Urban Planning, and Society in the Construction of the University City of Mexico, 1910-1954

Sergio Miranda Pacheco

 

 

PART III: Science as an Urban Enterprise

* Shaping an Officer: Institutional and Spatial Transformations of the Ottoman Naval Academy (1770s-1900s)

Meltem Kocaman and Darina Martykánová

 

* Between Prestige and Expertise: Negotiating the Benefits of Medical Societies in Ghent, Antwerp and Brussels, 1830-1860

Joris Vandendriessche

 

* Agronomy and Agronomists in the Spanish Cities, 1880-1936

Juan Pan-Montojo

 

 

 

 

 

Darina Martykánová

Darina Martykánová is historian, dealing mainly with Spain and the Ottoman Empire. She works at the Departament of Modern History of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Her research focuses on the history of professions and on transnational circulation of knowledge. Her second line of research concerns the redefinition of masculinites in interaction with the discourse of "progress of civilisation".

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